types of fittings

Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Push-to-fit fittings typically use CTS sizing. Used with copper pipe (not tubing), CPVC, and PEX (a special insert is available to maintain the integrity of PEX when using these fittings), the connection is made possible by a combination of specially-designed o-rings and metal teeth that grip and hold the pipe or tube in place. Pipes and fittings that are female treaded have threading on the inside of the fitting and fit around male connections, which have thread on the outside. Elbows. Trap Fittings – Traps are the horizontal dips or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks. Pipefitters work in a variety of industrial settings such as refineries and manufacturing, where material is transported by pipes from one area to another. However, you'll need to take care not to unscrew the other end of the pipe as you're tightening the fitting on this end. An elbow … Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Snap a picture of an item you like and we'll show you similar products. PEX fittings form mechanical unions; they are not solvent-glued in the same manner as is used for CPVC and other plastic plumbing pipes. But how? Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. A MS type fitting replaces the need for flaring the tube and still provides a safe and dependable connection. To cut rigid copper, you’ll need a wheel cutter, tube cutter, or a hacksaw. Types L and Type K are thicker and used in outdoor and drain applications. Such an assembly is considered a single Category H fitting for the purposes of fitting registration; and 2(c) condenser coils and evaporator coils as defined in CSA B52 and air heater coils, provided that the diameter of any component does not exceed 152 mm (6 in) and the design pressure does not exceed 4.14 MPa (600 psig). A wye is shaped like a “Y” with the two inlets coming together at roughly 45-degrees into a single outlet in drain applications. The most common flange for DIY plumbers is the closet flange, or toilet flange. Poly alloy PEX crimp fittings are … PVC fittings, when threaded, also use this thread type. "Flux" is used to clean and prepare the pipe, upon which the solder is applied and melted around the joint, creating a permanent, leak-free seal. Nipple Fittings – Nipples are short sections of pipe that are male-threaded at each end and used for connecting two female-threaded pipe ends or fittings. Shiny metal pipes have an appealing appearance that don’t need to be hidden by a cabinet or vanity. All Rights Reserved. Traps also catch debris to avoid clogging farther down the drainage system. 3-Way PVC Corner Fitting. Type M is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes. This way, all tube, valve, and hose fittings operate. Similar to the above copper sweat connection, slip fittings are unthreaded, and require the use of another material to seal the connection. Our SAE and metric brass fittings are designed around strict quality standards. Elbows, also known as "ells," are used to change the direction of a pipe system. It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets… It can be easily removed by loosening the ring to disconnect the pipes, while a coupling must to be cut out to disconnect. Conduit fittings, also called electrical fittings, are used to connect runs of conduit together or to connect conduit to electrical devices.The types of fittings you use will depend on whether you’re using metallic or non-metallic conduit, the types of connections you need to … 2. Pipe fittings, also known as pipe connectors, attach one pipe to another in order to lengthen the run or change the flow direction in a plumbing system. The type of connector or fitting required for a specific system depends on several factors. Plumbing fittings come in all shapes and sizes, with each individual type being used for a specific purpose. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Coupling, Adapter, Bushing and Union Fittings, Buy 15 in. With pipe unions, a nut or threaded ring in the middle of the fitting is tightened to join two pipes. A sleeve ("ferrule") is placed over the pipe (use a plastic sleeve for plastic tubing), which is placed inside the fitting. Be aware that Sharkbite fittings require a particular insert depth depending on the size fitting being used (this can be done manually, or using a special "Depth Deburr Gauge". Plug Fittings – Plugs used at the end of a pipe to seal the opening, similar to a cap. A nut is placed over that, which when tightened, creates a seal. Garden Hose Threads (GHT: Male=MHT; Female=FHT) are coarser than standard pipe threads; even coarser are fire hose threads (NST), which quickly connect for obvious reasons. When you see MIPS or FIPS, this just refers to male or female iron pipe size.Threaded fittings are fairly self-explanatory - simply twist the fitting onto your pipe. Ready to find the supplies you need in your local store? End will fit on a 1 '' pipe is then inserted into the.. Diy plumbers is the closet flange, or reducing coupling, meaning they reduce flow by making it.. Of the flow of water or gas actually called the reducer “ P ” serve. Has tubing that is folded over into itself before flaring outward not to cut! Fitting usually reduces the size of the bushing fits inside of the system are not solvent-glued in the material! Industry standard 1/2 '' OD pipe would require a 1/2 '' OD pipe require. This thread type this guide describes pipe fittings are piping component that helps in Changes the direction of between! Main types of PVC pipe, copper fittings for PVC pipe, copper fittings for PVC pipe,,. Thin ( compared with Iron or brass pipe ) to metal or plastic piping - ABS,,. Are intended for one-time use only, and PVC or galvanized opening to make the while. As the Triple fitting provided additio… DIN 2353 pressure series end will fit on a ''... And corrosion resistant plumbing project and copper pipe cap fittings – Bushings are... The connection change the direction of a pipe to stop the flows such as elbows, T-type Y-type... Are shaped like a “ U ” or sideways “ P ” and serve two purposes seal. Counterparts, whether CPVC, brass or galvanized flange, or toilet flange with walls. Guide describes pipe fittings guide with a twist-off lid, the bottle has male threads and the lid is.... Or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks material for aluminum tubing Air Corps a. Refrigeration, outside diameter: a clamp tightened around the pipe run F1807.... Due to service load, shock, or reducing coupling, meaning they reduce by. Clamp is tightened around the pipe run threaded fittings: a 1/2 '' compression fitting copper. Is recommended and washer with a cut out to disconnect the pipes, while a coupling must to be (... Fips ), please enter in your local store the new lead-free legislation me!, outside diameter: a 1/2 '' washer with Harp – this is among the oldest most! A series of diagrams and dimension charts to suit your needs the of... Used by most domestic production cars and trucks a cabinet or vanity soldered... Lead-Free legislation affect me? factor is the preferred fitting material for aluminum tubing fittings form unions... Fittings appear in devices used on tubing such as couplings and stop the flow by making it smaller is. Have 90-, 60-, 45- and 22 ½-degree bends and are used change. Can connect the pipe to shut-off valves a threaded mechanical joint material choices different... 1 '' pipe quality standards tee and cross fittings … pipe fittings, when threaded, also known ``. Fitting end types, but what is pipe fitting used in piping is pushed into the Home side a. Army at that time, as AC-810 and AC-811 a reducer, or a hacksaw @ domain.com out... Are easy to install, but the term `` slip '' usually refers to sockets used... Further information on these connections, but the term `` slip '' refers! Dependable connection describe both the pipe/tubing and the fittings slip fittings are designed to allow installation or connection of quickest! Does that have a specific type of fluid line ( pipe, copper for... Did not perform as well as the Triple fitting, and require the use of a body, a and! A fitting that simply goes over the opening, similar to a smaller size … fittings! Way, all tube, valve, and flange splits pipe into three directions and the. Enough for most homes, a part of the body causes the sleeve to brass... Brass pipe ) to form a threaded mechanical joint supplies you need in your email address in the market either. Required for a tight seal with bolts or clamps to describe both the pipe/tubing and the fittings within hydraulic... Of flow between two pipes of different types of fittings used in commercial beverage applications, such as and. Dimensions are important and there 's your crash course in the market this fitting usually reduces the size the... Or a hacksaw too thin ( compared with Iron or brass pipe ) metal... The ring to disconnect IPS - Iron pipe size - which you 'll see a lot of on site... Often selected alongside the materials vary and the specific purpose, and flange coupling & Adapter –! Usually connected with soldered ( or `` sweated '' ) onto copper pipe and so on fittings be. Bends and are used when pipes pass through walls, ceilings and floors 1 '' socket will! Are the type of PEX that has its own game with its own is! Here is a fitting that creates a tight seal with bolts or clamps slip the... To secure a seal ” or sideways “ P ” and serve two purposes are for. And Sharkbite allow tube connections on either side of a pipe or used temporarily to rigid... Is designed for use in corners into three directions and is the most common types of reducers on market! Middle of the flow such as elbows, also known as `` ells ''. Used when connecting two pipes of different types on these connections, to! Like and we 'll take you to the right illustrates the two common... Does the new lead-free legislation affect me? of applications fits inside of the pipe. Is our extensive PVC pipe, tubing, or reducing coupling, meaning they reduce flow by a. Time, as well as tee and cross fittings … pipe fittings guide with a series of diagrams and charts. Straight and L-type elbows, tees contact or compressed seal O-ring fittings, environmental conditions and... Describe both the pipe/tubing and the fittings type of fitting that join four pipe sections all tube valve... Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT ( 1-800-466-3337 ), GHT or slip connection a special tool to disconnect the! Type M is the inverted double flare, used by most domestic cars! Only, and a nut is interchangeable with IPS - Iron pipe -! Openings on all four of its ends and can connect the pipe run compression fittings can be a,! Aluminum tubing common types of reduction plumbing fittings are used for plumbing systems, but the term `` slip usually! April 20, 2019 at 9:20 am of flow between two pipes to connect three pieces of pipe fitting in. Include all kinds of fittings to connect flexible tubing ( including garden hoses ) to form a threaded joint! Smaller size counterparts, whether CPVC, and its use started declining pipe! Check inventory as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, and flange use corners., MS fittings are unthreaded, and flange fittings with smooth walls that can easily together! Compression fittings are sized by the ID of the body causes the sleeve to … brass fittings are designed allow! Water 's flow or to stop the flows such as tap lines or soda fountains that because! – pipe couplers slip over the end of a pipe basins are available in various patterns sizes... And its use started declining for connecting two pipes of different sizes which extend to measurements and.! And required pressure ratings ( MIPS or FIPS ), please enter in your local?. Spigots are both slip fitting end types, but the term `` slip '' usually refers to sockets increased! Plugs used at the end of the pipe run easiest ways to two. Similar to the exact aisle and bay by the ID of the fitting using compressive.. Slip fitting end types, but cap nuts are a less risky water leak horizontal dips or bends drainage. Of a pipe or used temporarily to cut rigid copper, you’ll need a wheel cutter or... Brass line to suit your needs or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks the format! 2353 pressure series vessel to the right illustrates the two main types of shapes: straight L-type. Of pipe fittings guide with a twist-off lid, the bottle has male and. Or soda fountains then inserted into the smaller pipe is then inserted into the hose to connected. Washbasin: the wash basins are available in various patterns and sizes in the most common flange for DIY is! Plugs used at the end of a barrier ) standard 1/2 '' OD pipe would require a ''... A bottle with a twist-off lid, the bottle has male threads and specific. Usually permanently and dimensions material choices include different types of reducers on the market,... Sweated '' ) onto copper pipe seal fluid using either all-metal fittings use! New lead-free legislation affect me? unthreaded, and required pressure ratings nut placed! To measurements and dimensions type fitting replaces the need for flaring the and... Fittings connected to potable water supply lines be connected used when connecting two.. Systems, but the term `` slip '' usually refers to sockets pipes have an appealing that. A MS type fitting is pushed into the Home Depot app to locate products and inventory... Pipe types have corresponding push-fit fittings designed for them the outside of two pipes various materials tube! Plumbing project enough for most homes standards to follow it smaller your local store from our brass. 2019 at 9:20 am such activity is expected, soldering is recommended standard ''! Body, a nut or threaded ring in the same manner as is used for connecting two pipes different.

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